Most of the time having a baby is a natural process. After a full-term pregnancy, a lady goes into labor on or near her maturity and provides birth to a healthy baby. A day or two later she leaves the hospital to start day-to-day life together with her growing family. But not all pregnancies go smoothly. Some women experience what doctors ask as a high-risk pregnancy.
Pregnancy is taken into account high-risk when there are potential complications that would affect the mother, the baby, or both. High-risk pregnancies require management by a specialist to assist make sure the best outcome for the mother and baby.
Risk Factors for High-Risk Pregnancy
Reasons that pregnancy could also be considered high risk include:
Maternal Age. One of the foremost common risk factors for a high-risk pregnancy is that the age of the mother-to-be. Women who are going to be under age 17 or over age 35 when their baby is due are at greater risk of complications than those between their late teens and early 30s. The risk of miscarriage and genetic defects further increases after age 40.
Medical conditions that exist before pregnancy. Conditions like high blood pressure; lung, kidney, or heart problems; diabetes; autoimmune disease; sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); or chronic infections like human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can present risks for the mother and/or her unborn baby. A history of miscarriage, problems with a previous pregnancy or pregnancies, or a case history of genetic disorders also are risk factors for a high-risk pregnancy.
If you’ve got a medical condition, it is vital to consult your doctor before you opt to become pregnant. Your doctor may run tests, adjust medications, or advise you of precautions you would like to require to optimize the health of you and your baby.
Medical conditions that occur during pregnancy. Even if you’re healthy once you become pregnant, it’s possible to develop or be diagnosed with problems during pregnancy which will affect you and your baby. Two of the more common pregnancy-related problems are:
Preeclampsia may be a syndrome that has high vital sign , urinary protein, and swelling; it are often dangerous or maybe fatal for the mother or baby if not treated. With proper management, however, most girls who develop preeclampsia have healthy babies.
Gestational diabetes may be a sort of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes may have healthy pregnancies and babies if they follow the treatment plan from their health-care provider. Usually, the diabetes resolves after delivery. However, women with gestational diabetes are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.